Helpful Medical Terminology
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Helpful Medical Terminology

1. Acute- Symptoms or Conditions that occur suddenly and/ or last a relatively short time meaning days or weeks, not months. Example: You may have an attack of acute back pain after rearranging the furniture.

2. Architectural distortion- You’re going to need another mammogram or ultrasound. The term simply describes an abnormal arrangement of tissue on the image. It could be a problem with the breast or just that the breast looked different because it got bunched up during the mammogram or ultrasound.

3. Asymptomatic- You don’t have any symptoms, even if an imaging procedure or a lab test indicates that you have a condition. For example: If you have asymptomatic strep, you have an infection but don’t feel it.

4. Atypical- Your symptoms, condition, or lab test results are not completely normal, or “classic”. That is neither expressly bad nor expressly good. It means different. Atypical can describe moles, chest pain, pneumonia, depression, or cells on a pap test.

5.  Calcifications- Tiny calcium deposits are something seen on imaging studies of the breast, joints, blood vessels, or other tissues.

6. Chronic- Your problem is longstanding or comes and goes frequently over an extended indefinite period. The term is often used to describe degenerative diseases, like arthritis.

7. Comorbidity- Two health conditions are present at the same time. For example: heart disease is most common comorbidity in adults with arthritis.

8. CBC (Complete Blood Count)- One of the most commonly ordered blood tests, a CBC measures a different blood components, including white and red cells, hemoglobin, hematocrit, and platelets.

9. Contraindication- There’s something going on, such a symptom or an illness, that signals that a drug or a procedure should not be used.

10. Diagnosis of exclusion- Some diseases, such as fibromyalgia, have no definitive test, “so diagnosis depends on typical symptoms plus making sure it’s nothing else.

11. Edema- Fluid accumulation under the skin or in a body cavity.

12. Hyperplasia- Cells are being produced and are growing at a faster- than- normal rate.

13. Iatrogenic- Not what was supposed to happen. When a treatment or a surgery causes an adverse effect.

14. Idiopathic- There’s no identifiable reason why you came down with an illness or a condition.

15. Lesion- A spot in a tissue or an organ that was caused by disease or injury.

16. Necrosis- Death of tissue, which can cause by infection, trauma, or toxins.

17. No clinical reason- There’s no medical reason, based on symptoms and available information, to continue treatment, therapy, or hospitalization, because continuing would probably provide no further benefit.

18. Nodule- A small clump of cells that form on a muscle, a tendon, a joint, or some other tissue, usually in response to an injury.

19. Pathology- The study of the cause and effects of diseases.

20. Dys- A condition that is abnormal, painful, or otherwise problematic.

21. Hyper- Excessive, or increased beyond normal.

22. Hypo- The flip side of hyper- hypo means “too little” ex: hypothyroidism ( under active thyroid)

23. Itis- Inflammation, often caused by infection or injury.

24. Oma- Often refers to a tumor, which could be benign or cancerous.

25. Plasty- applies to surgical procedures that repair, restore, replace or improve the body.


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